Jantar Mantar is very popular among tourists and the people of Delhi.A unique structure raised in 1724, now lies in the heart of Delhi’s commercial centre near Connaught place.Situated at Connaught Place area of New Delhi, Jantar Mantar is one of the five observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler and founder of Jaipur, in India. Smaller than the one at Jaipur, it is still astonishing because of its capability to make accurate calculations of many astronomical movements. Constructed in 1724, the giant abstract masonry instruments of Jantar Mantar are the evident of the technological genius of the times in the field of astronomy. Jai Singh was a keen astronomer and a noble in the Mughal court. This is the Jantar Mantar, one of several astronomical observatories raised by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. The various abstract structures within the Jantar Mantar are, in fact, instruments that were used for keeping track of celestial bodies. Yet, Jantar Mantar is not only a timekeeper of celestial bodies, it also tells a lot about the technological achievements under the Rajput kings and their attempt to resolve the mysteries regarding astronomy. The Jantar Mantar of Delhi is only one of the five observatories built by Sawai Jai Singh II, the other four being located at Jaipur, Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura. The structure is another great masterpiece of Indian architecture which shows the scientific acumen of ancient India. Jantar Manter is situated at Parliament Street, very close to Connaught Place. Jantar Mantar is also called Delhi Observatory. It is maintained by the Jaipur government because it was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1710 A.D. At first sight, the Jantar Mantar appears like a gallery of modern art. It is, however, an observatory. Sawai Jia Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), a keen astronomer and a noble in the Mughal court, was dissatisfied by the errors of brass and metal astronomical instruments.
To the north-west of the Prakash Yantra, there is a structure or instrument called Mishra Yantra.Maharaja Jai Singh was a fanatical astronomer himself who studied various works from Hindu, Muslim and European astronomy. It consists of five instruments. Pillars on the southwest of Mishra Yantra are used to measure the shortest day (21 December) and the longest day (21 June) of the year. The observatory has the Samrat Yantra, a simple equal hour sun dial, the Ram yantra for reading altitudinal angles; Jai Prakash for ascertaining the position of the sun and other celestial bodies, and the Misra Yantra which is a combination of four scientific gadgets. Having said that, we must give accreditation to the Jantar Mantar for its scientific acumen which could have reaped more fruits had there been appropriate motivation and resource given for research and development. It is no denying the fact that the structure does represent the scientific heritage of India, though not being used in the modern scientific research.When compared to others, this observatory is the largest and the best preserved today. But, after its erection in 1724, it remained functional only for seven years. Observations made each day were noted down and later a chart called Zij Muhammad Shahi was prepared. This was then dedicated to the reigning monarch. Many experts in this field are of the view that these observatories fell into disuse, because of lack of thought on the part of the king. The original name Yantra (instrument) mantra (formula) has been corrupted to Jantar Mantar.
Some of the major instruments at Jantar Mantar Delhi are given bellow:
- The Samrat Yantra ‘Prince of Dials’ (the largest device)
- The Ram Yantra – two circular buildings
- The Jai Prakash
- The Misra Yantra (north-west to the Samrat Yantra)
- Pillars on the southwest of Mishra Yantra used to measure the shortest and longest days of the year.
The Samrat Yantra measured the accurate time of the day. It also measured the declination of the sun which can be seen by the shadow moving around the structure.
General Fact about Jantar Mantar Delhi:
- Location:Parliament Street (Sansad Marg), near Connaught Place (Rajeev Chowk)
- Time to Visit: Open on all days of the week from Sunrise to Sunset
- Preferred Timings:Morning and Evening, when shadows can be seen on the astronomical instruments.
- Day Closed:Open on all days
- Admission Fee: INR 5 for Indian citizens / INR 100 for foreigners
- Photography Charges: none but INR 25 for video filming
- Parking: Free and open to all, 200 m away.
- Nearest Railway Station:New Delhi Railway Station
- Nearest Metro Station:Connaught Place
- Nearest International Airport:Indira Gandhi International Airport
- Time required for sightseeing:1½ hours
- Famous As :world’s oldest astronomical observatories
- Built By :Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743)
- Height above sea level: 695 feet.
Hotels near Jantar Mantar Delhi:
Here is the List of Luxury & Budget Hotels/Resorts near Jantar Mantar Delhi, available at cheap prices:
- The Imperial Hotel
- Hotel Hans Plaza
- Hotel Shangri-La
- Hotel Alka
- The Pearl
- Hotel Prince Polonia
- Hotel Ashiana
- Hotel Palace Heights
- The Hans Hotel
- Le Meridien Hotel
- Taj Mahal Hotel
Picture Gallery of Jantar Mantar Delhi:
Google Map for Jantar Mantar Delhi:
How to Reach Jantar Mantar Delhi by Road:
Delhi is very well connected to the rest of the country by regular bus services.Inter-state private and government buses operates between neighboring states.Tourists can either take local buses from various points within the city to reach this monument, which is located in Connaught Place (CP), the heart of the city, or they can hire auto-rickshaws and taxis or metro rail.Delhi State Transport starrted services to various destinations of Pakistan. From CP one can take a stroll to this monument.Take an auto or cab or disembark at Rajeev Chowk Metro station and walk the distance.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar Delhi by Rail:
The important railheads in Delhi are Hazrat Nizammudin, New Delhi and Old Delhi.Delhi is very well connected with rest of India by trains. The city has three major railway stations – New Delhi, Old Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin. Delhi is well connected to all cities in India through express, super fast and many A/C trains. Delhi metro railway is a most efficient commutation system in Delhi. These fast trains cover all important areas in the city.Nearest Metro Station to Jantar Mantar Delhi is Connaught Place.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar Delhi by Air:
Delhi is well connected with domestic and international flights, to all the major cities within and outside India. Almost all the major airlines have their flights operating from Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi. Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport is connected to all the important cities of the world with almost all the major international airlines operating out of here. Palam Domestic Airport connects Delhi to the major cities in India. Some of the domestic airlines operating regular flights to and from Delhi are Alliance Air
- Air Deccan
- Jet Airways
- Go Air
- Spice Jet
As mentioned, Delhi is connected to all the major cities in the world through Airways. Regular flights are available to almost all the European capitals and cities of prominence. Delhi is also well connected to the rest of India with domestic flights. The capital city of India, Delhi is easily accessible from different parts of the country and is also well connected from major cities in South Asia, with over 65 airlines linking it to most major destinations across the world as well as India. Delhi has two airports to cater the needs of commuters, Indira Gandhi International Airport and Palam Domestic Airport.